Pregnancy is an exciting stage in the lives of many women. However, unexpected complications that require specialized medical attention can sometimes arise. One of these complications is a molar pregnancy, a rare but important condition to understand. In this blog, we will explain what a molar pregnancy is, its types, symptoms, and treatment.
What is a molar pregnancy?
It is a condition in which an abnormal mass of tissue develops in the uterus instead of a normal fetus. This occurs due to an error in the fertilization of the egg, resulting in abnormal cell development. There are two types:
Complete molar pregnancy : In this type of pregnancy, a normal fetus does not form. Instead, a mass that may resemble a cluster of grapes develops. This mass consists of abnormal cells and lacks the ability to develop into a viable fetus.
Partial molar pregnancy : An abnormal fetus usually forms, often with chromosomal abnormalities. While it may have some characteristics of embryonic tissue, it does not fully develop and cannot come to term.
Symptoms of a molar pregnancy are often similar to those of a normal pregnancy, making diagnosis challenging. However, warning signs may include:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Excessive uterine growth
- Severe nausea and vomiting
- High blood pressure
Diagnosis is typically made through ultrasound scans and blood tests to measure human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone levels. These levels can be abnormally high in a molar pregnancy. The most common treatment for this type of pregnancy is the removal of the abnormal tissue from the uterus. This procedure is performed under general anesthesia and is crucial to prevent serious complications.
Pregnancy After a molar pregnancy?
After a molar pregnancy, some women may experience anxiety or concerns about the possibility of a new pregnancy. The good news is that many women who have gone through this situation can have healthy and successful pregnancies.
The assisted reproduction, which includes techniques such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), can be a valuable option for women looking to conceive again. These techniques can provide more precise control over the fertilization process and help reduce the risk of another molar pregnancy. Additionally, with Preimplantation Genetic Testing for Aneuploidy (PGT-A ), the chances of having a healthy baby are increased by conducting genetic testing on the embryo.
If you suspect you are experiencing a molar pregnancy or want to become a mother again, reach out to us. At Procrea we have certified specialists provide the appropriate medical care and guidance for the right treatment for you. Remember, you are not alone.